Friday, January 1, 2016

Epic species in verses

- Epic poems: Narration of significant facts and events in the lives of ordinary people.
- Heroic poems: Medieval narrations that recount the events in the life of a hero.
- Epic-cult poems: Epic poems written by cult authors during the Renaissance period and in the following centuries, addressing various topics: chivalrous, educational, burlesque, etc.
- Ballads: Derived from heroic songs, ballads narrate events in a shorter manner. Sometimes they can have lyric characteristics.
Epic species in prose:
- Novel: Fictional narrative in prose, longer and more complex than a story, in which the characters, which are not always human, are related to one another within a determined space. There are different types of novels: love, chivalric, picaresque, pastoral, Moorish, Byzantine, historical, realistic, detective, horror, mystery, science fiction, etc.
- Story: Short fictional narrative. When it has a moral purpose, it is called an apologue.
Dramatic species:
- Tragedy: Illustrates major conflicts between intricate characters whose unfortunate fate destroys or kills them. The tone of the tragedy is serious and grave.
- Comedy: A work dominated by the description and satirization of social habits, which usually has a happy ending. The tone is humoristic and relaxed.
- Drama: Describes the passions of the characters and the conflicts between them, but does not necessarily end tragically, and it can also contain comical elements.
- Sacramental act: Allegoric religious work, characteristic for Spanish literature, that addresses topics in the Roman-Catholic doctrine, especially the theme of the Eucharist.
- Panegyric: Composition in praise of a person or to commemorate an event, which is recited as a prologue to a play.
- Step: Small works of comic character and authentic language interspersed in dramatic works to extend representation.
- Interlude: Short comic work that was performed during the intervals of the representations of long plays in the Golden Age. It is a derivative of the step.
- Farce: A usually one-act play, with popular and humorous features, also derived from the step and the interlude, which reached its apogee in the eighteenth century.
- Comic sketch: A short work that has no other purpose but to play jokes in order to make the audience laugh.
- Vaudeville: Originating in 19th century France, its conflict is based on romantic unfaithfulness, and is characterized by mobility on stage and numerous plot twists and surprises.